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粉塵在人體肺內堆積和排擠

時候:2021-02-25    宣布者:    閱讀次數::8

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1、fenchenzaifeineideduiji

fenchenkesuihuxijinruhuxidao,jinruhuxidaoneidefenchenbingbuquanshujinrufeipao,nenggouduijizaicongbiqiangdaofeipaodehuxidaonei。yingxiangfenchenzaihuxidaochabiebuweiduijideshouyaoshenfenshichenlidewulitezheng(ruchenlidejuxi、waixingjimidudeng),heyuhuxiyouguandefenweinengyuanxueqianti(ruliuxiang、liusudeng),chabielijingdefenchenzaihuxidaochabiebuweiduijidebiliyechabie,chenlizaihuxidaoneideduijijilishouyaoyouyixiajizhong:

(1)kouliu

shouyaofashengzaibufazexingdefenchen(ruyunmupianzhuangchenli)huoxianweizhuangfenchen(rushimian、bolimiandeng),tamenkeyanqiliudebiaodemudejinbu,beidazhangwaibiaokouliu。

(2)guanxingdaji

dangrentixirufenchenshi,chenlianbiranbiaodemudezaihuxidaoneihuodong,yinweibiyanqiangbujuheaidaofenchadengpoujiexuetese,danghanchenqiliudebiaodemudeeranzhuanbianshi,chenlikedajibingduijizaihuxidaozhanmoshang,zheleiganhuayuqiliudesulv,chenlidefenweinengyuanjingyouguan。dajiganhuashijiaodachenliduijizaibiqiang、yanbu、qiguanhezhiqiguanzhanmoshangdeshouyaoyuanyou。zaizhexiebuweishangduijishangqudefenchenrubushishibeijitiduangen,chijiumanxingganhuajiunenggouyinfamanxingyanzhengbingbian。

(3)chenjiangganhua

chenlikeshouzhongliganhuaerchenjiang,chenjiangdesulvyufenchendemiduhelijingyouguan。lijinghuomidudadefenchenchenjiangsulvkuai,dangxirufenchenshi,qishouchenjiangdeshilijingjiaodadefenchen。

(4)fensanganhua

fenchenlizikeshousizhouqitifenzidepengzhuangergouchengbufazedehuodong,bingyinfazaifeineideduiji。zaodaofensanganhuadechenliputongshizhi0.5μmyixiadechenli,chugeshixiaoyu0.1μmdechenli。

chenlizaihuxitixideduijikefenweisangediqu:①shanghuxidaoqu(baohan:bi、kou、yanhehoubu);②qiguan、zhiqiguanqu;③feipaoqu(wuxianmaodexizhiqiguanjifeipao)。putongyiweifenweinengyuanjingzai10μmyishangdechenlidajubuduijizaibiyanbu,10μmyixiadechenlikejinruhuxidaodeshenbu。erzaifeipaoneidefenchencaiyounenggouyinfachenfeibing。nengjinrufeipaoqudefenchenchengweihuxixingfenchen。1952nianyingguoyixueyantaoweiyuanhui(british medical reasearch council)qishoukendinglehuxixingfenchendejieshuo:huxixingfenchenshizhinengdaodafeipaobingyinfachenfeidefenchen,bingxuanyongchengdutaoxiqizuoweifenchenlizideguifanfenxuanqi。1959nianguojichenfeijihui(international conference on pneumoconiosis)jieguanlezhebiranyi。

1961nianmeiguoyuanzinengweiyuanhui(aec)zaiyicijihuishangduihuxixingfenchendejieshuozuoleyixiadehuading:huxixingfenchenshizhinengjingyouguochengbuxianmaofeigouzaodeneijubufenchen;binghuadinglehuxixingfenchencaiyangqifenshouchenlidejinengqingqiu。

1968nianmeiguodangjuchanyeweishengyishijihui(acgih)baaecdeguifanzuolediancuan,huadingxiaoyuhuojishi2μmchenlidexirubaifenshuwei90%,bingtichuleshiyinghuxixingfenchennongdudeyuxianzhi(tlv)dejijiaogongshi.

jinchaoduiduijizaihuxitixichabiediqudefenchenyouchabiedejieshuo:ru①xiruxingfenchen(inspirable dust),shizhicongrenbi、kouxirudaoquanshuhuxidaoneidequanshufenchen,zhejubufenchenkeyinfaquanshuhuxitixidejibing;②kexiruxingfenchen(inhalable dust),shizhiconghoubujinrudaoqiguan、zhiqiguanjifeipaoqudefenchen,zhejubufenchenchuyounenggouxiangqichenfeiwai,huannengyinfaqiguanhezhiqiguandejibing;③huxixingfenchen(respirable dust),shizhinengjinrufeipaoqudefenchen,shiyinfachenfeidebingyin。

2、fenchencongfeineidepaiji

feizangyoupaijixiruchenlidezijingnengli,zaixirufenchenhou、lengjingzaiyouxianmaoqiguanneidefenchennenghenkuaidebeipaiji,danjinrudaofeipaoneideweixichenlizepaijijiaoman,qianzhekechengweiqiguanpaiji,shouyaoshijiezhuyuhuxidaozhanmosuopaixiedenianye,yinweixianmaodehuodongerjiangburongxinghuonanrongxingdechenlipaiji;houzhechengweifeiduangen,shouyaoshiyoufeipaozhongdejushixibao,jiangfenchentunshi、erhouyunzhixizhiqiguandejiewei,jinghuxidaosuitanpaijitiwai。

duifenchendefeineideduangensulv,yourenyongpenshexingqirongjiaotingzhiguoyantao,famingxirudechenlidajubuzai24xiaoshineiduangen。zaiyigerenwubanzhongyanzhuzaihuxidaozhanmoshangdefenchen,dajubukezaijixiaoshiyineibeiduangen,zhiyaoweibeipaijideneijubufenchen,chijiujilei,daodabiranshumuhouyufeigouzaoganhuafashengfanyingnengliyinfajibing。fenchencongfeineidepaijisulvyuchenlidejuxihelengjingdebuweiyouguan。

泉融科技(重慶)無限公司

tianxiadelvfeng:400-000-000

shouji:189-9616-9269

youxiang:cqquanrong@163.com

didian:zhongqingshijiangbeiqujiangbeizuiqiaobeiyuan9hao12lou

189-9616-9269
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